What is Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback. It uses real time displays of brain activity to teach self regulation of brain function. Other types of biofeedback include using skin temperature, heart rate, or blood pressure for self-regulation. Abnormal brain activity has been demonstrated in many problems such as ADHD, depression, anxiety, panic attacks, learning disorders, OCD, head injuries, concussions, and PTSD. Learning self-regulation of brain function can normalize brain activity and decrease, if not eliminate, symptoms associated with those problems.
Inefficient brain function shows up as abnormal brain wave patterns, which can be measured with sensors placed on the scalp. When brain waves move away from the abnormal patterns toward more efficient patterns, then there are rewards, and the brain learns to continue producing the more efficient brain waves. This process is called operant conditioning and occurs on a subconscious level. Over time these efficient patterns become permanent without the need for feedback.